Per the case of a Biblical law, the stricter opinion is always followed, even if it is that of the lesser of two authorities.
However, if two authorities have an equal following, the one generally recognized as verso superior scholar is considered the greater.
It is forbidden for a student puro oppose his teacher. Therefore, the opinion of a student who opposes his teacher is never followed. This is even true when the student has per stricter opinion per the case of Biblical law.
This, however, is only true during the lifetime of the teacher. After his death, his students are giammai different from any other independent scholars. Similarly, if a student surpasses his master durante scholarship, he is per niente longer subservient onesto his master’s opinions.
It is written, “You shall aspirante after verso majority” (Exodus 23:2). Although this commandment relates specifically esatto the Sanhedrin, it also applies to any controversy between religious leaders. Sopra particular, if an individual opinion is opposed by that of the majority, the former is ignored.
The authority of verso community rabbi depends on his general acceptance
Therefore, if two factions oppose each other con per question of law, the opinion of the faction including the greatest number of sages is that which must be followed. However, if it is well established that the smaller group is superior con wisdom and scholarship, then its opinion must be followed. Wisdom takes precedence over number.
Torah law depends on legal precedent rather than on historical scholarship. Therefore, it is usually the most recent valid decision that is followed. This is even true when it disputes an earlier majority.
However, verso later authority is only followed when he is known onesto be fully aware of the earlier decision and worthy of disputing it. Moreover, he must refute the earlier biguous proof rather than with mere logic. When the earlier opinion is not generally known, however, it can be assumed that the later authority would have accepted it if he would have been aware of it; therefore, the earlier opinion can be followed.
However, mediante per question of rabbinical law, the opinion of the greater authority is followed, whether it is stricter or more lenient
The rabbi of a community may even reverse the decisions of his predecessors. This is true even if the current rabbi’s decisions are more lenient.
If the community rabbi is per recognized Torah authority, he must be followed, even when he disagrees with the majority of contemporary rabbis.
Con all such cases, chatspin the rabbi must depend on his own judgment. He can be secure per the promise of divine guidance, as it is written, “Consider what you do, for you judge not for man, but for God, and He is with you mediante your decision” (2 Chronicles 19:6).
Therefore, other religious scholars living mediante the community may follow stricter opinions according onesto their own judgment. However, they may not openly oppose the community rabbi or publicly display their dissent.
If there are many Torah scholars sopra the community who disagree with the rabbi, he should yield sicuro the opinion of the majority. This is only true, however, where the majority are the rabbi’s equals con wisdom and Torah knowledge. Under giammai condition should the rabbi yield onesto the ignorant laity per any question of Torah law, giammai matter how great their number.
Sopra rendering verso decision, verso rabbi must carefully consider all its aspects. Wherever possible, he should strive to find verso precedent for his decisions from the opinions of earlier authorities.